Heinrich Ramras, son of Emanuel Ramras and Malka Wifer, was born in Lodz (Poland) on 17 June 1887.
He was a textile merchant and lived in Wien (Austria) together with his wife Anna Schroetter and their two daughters, Gertrude and her younger sister Liana.
During the war Gertrude moved to England and the rest of the family escaped to Italy: his wife Anna and his daughter Liana lived in Milano (1939-1943) while Heinrich Ramras was interned in the Urbisaglia camp on 4 September 1941.
We don’t know where Ramras was interned before, but in a letter send by the Questura di Macerata to the Comune di Urbisaglia dated 30 July 1941, Ramras asked to be transferred to Urbisaglia because in that camp was interned Dr. Paul Pollak, who used to be his physician (DOC 1). On 1st August 1941, the director of Urbisaglia camp replied that actually Dr. Paul Pollak was Ramras’s physician when they lived in Wien and that they were friends. The director wrote that he had no objection to have Ramras in the Urbisaglia camp (see DOC 2 below).
On 3 April 1942, Ramras’s daughter Liane was in Urbisaglia to visit him. She left on 10 April 1942 (DOCs 4-5-6-7)
Ramras left the Urbisaglia camp after the announcement of the 8 September 1943 Armistice. Many inmates fled to the countryside. On 18 September he re-entered the camp together with many other inmates because they trusted the authorities who claimed to be guarantors of their safety (and also because they probably had no other place to go). Italy was occupied by the Germans.
On 30 September Heinrich Ramras and the other internees were transferred by the Germans to a POW camp (PG No. 56 located in Sforzacosta).
On 24 November 1943, he was again transferred to be confined (“free” internment) in Urbisaglia, together with Teitel Iakob, Seifter Bernhard, Nembaner Ugo, Mezei Moritz, Lustig Rudolf.
On 18 February 1944, Ramras and his wife Anna Schroetter are listed in the camp Villa Lauri in Pollenza (11 km far from Urbisaglia). They were confined there from 7 February 1944 together with other 24 Jewish men and 16 women.
On 26 February 1944 Ramras wrote to the Comune di Urbisaglia to ask that his daily allowance must be sent to the administration of the Pollenza camp. (DOCs 8-9)
According to the documents of CDEC Digital Library, Enrico Ramras was lately transferred to the Fossoli di Carpi camp (Modena), and from there to Auschwitz on 5 April 1944.
Heinrich Ramras and his wife Anna Schroetter didn’t survive Holacaust.
His daughter Liana managed to survive the war thanks to a family in Italy (unfortunately we don’t have any information about this righteous family). After the war she moved to England where she lived to the end with her husband and only child.
Gertrude married in England and in 1947 moved to Israel. She has three children (one son and two girls), 11 grandchildren and many grand grandchildren. All are Israel residents.
Gertrude’s children (Ilana Shaul, Yedidya Games Honig and Jehudit Naomi Eduard) visited the Urbisaglia camp on 29 April 2019. Read the article.